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Question
What has been the trend in the number of residency positions in recent years?
Answer

The Canadian Post M.D. Education Registry (CAPER) is an excellent source of evidence on trends in residency. As shown in the chart below, there was a 100% increase in the number of PGY-1 trainees in Canada between 2000-01 and 2017-18 to current levels.

Post MD training by where MD received

 

First Year Trainees who are Canadian citizens/Permanent residents
YEAR OF POST-M.D. TRAINING
BY
WHERE THE M.D. DEGREE WAS RECEIVED

Training Year

Country Where the M.D. Degree was Received

Canada

Outside Canada

Total

Count

Row %

Count

Row %

Count

Row %

2014-15

2762

86.2%

444

13.8%

3206

100.0%

2015-16

2765

86.6%

426

13.4%

3191

100.0%

2016-17

2798

87.0%

417

13.0%

3215

100.0%

2017-18

2778

86.8%

423

13.2%

3201

100.0%

Total

38790

86.0%

6310

14.0%

45100

100.0%

 

The data tables in CAPER’s 2017-18 Census provide an overview of current information on residency across Canada.  Table B1 illustrates the number of residents by field of post-Doctor of Medicine (MD) training and rank (e.g., PGY-1, -2) and Table A1 summarizes the number of residents by field of post-MD training and faculty of medicine.

The postgraduate medical education (PGME) departments in each of the 17 Canadian faculties of medicine also have information on residency positions and recent trends. It must be noted that trends have no predictive value with regard to future residency positions.